Monday, 24 February 2014
Saturday, 13 July 2013
What is the difference between would and used to?
The difference between 'would' and 'used to'
- 'would' is used to describe actions or situations that were repeated again and again.
- 'used to' is used for any extended action or situation in the past including repeated actions or situations.
1 - "I used to live in Birmingham, but I moved to Prague last year."
2 - " When he was at school, he used to play tennis every Saturday."
Tuesday, 9 July 2013
Monday, 8 July 2013
|a- (an-)||Greek||not, without||medium|
|dis-||Latin||not, opposite of||low|
|in- (il-, im-, ir-)||Latin||not, opposite of||medium|
|un-||Germanic||not, opposite of||high|
The prefixes a- and anti- are both of Greek origin. This explains why the very majority of the words that can use these prefixes also have their origin from Greek (e.g. chromatic, morphous, symmetric, typical, aerobic, hydrous, oxic).
The prefixes dis-, in-, and non- are Latinate in origin. Similarly, words that go along with dis- and in- are mostly from Latin/French. They include words like dishonest, discourteous, dissimiliar, inaccessible, inaccurate, insignificant, to name a few. On the other hand, while non- is also commonly associated with Latinate/French words such as non-negotiable, non-judgmental and non-specific, it has become more productive than the other Latinate prefixes. This prefix can form negative adjectives with many present participles and past participles regardless of the origin of the stem word, such as non-smoking, non-aligned, non-caffeinated, and even with participle phrases, such as non-profit making, non-man made. Another interesting fact about non- is that it can often form neagtive adjectives by joining verbs, to express the meaning that the thing described does not perform the action described by the verb. Examples include non-stop, non-shrink, non-slip
Un- is a prefix native to English. It is mostly attached to native words to form negative adjectives, such as unfriendly, unhappy, unfair, and so on. But it can also be attached to certain Latinate words, giving unable, unsympathetic, unconscious, unreasonable, etc. Like non-, it is a productive prefix and is ready to form adjectives with present and past participles, giving words like unfeeling, undecided, unjustified, etc.
Friday, 28 June 2013
Thursday, 27 June 2013
Tuesday, 25 June 2013
Thursday, 20 June 2013
Wednesday, 24 October 2012
Tuesday, 23 October 2012
This expression is used when you meet/see someone you haven't seen in a long time, in the following ways.
'It is nice to see you' - This would be used at the start of the conversation when you meet each other
'It is nice seeing you' - This would be used during the conversation
'It was nice seeing you'/
'It was nice to see you' - These would be used at the end of the conversation as you say goodbye.
Thursday, 18 August 2011
mankini: (pl. mankinis) a brief one-piece bathing garment for men, with a T-back.
retweet: (on the social networking service Twitter) repost or forward (a message posted by another user).
sexting: (informal) the sending of sexually explicit photographs or messages via mobile phone.
woot: (especially in electronic communication) used to express elation, enthusiasm, or triumph
Monday, 25 July 2011
- "I have got lots of sweets."
- "So have I"
- "I haven't got many friends"
- "Neither have I"
Tuesday, 24 August 2010
What is the origin of "as per" and is it outdated to use it ?
I don't think it is old fashioned although it is used in academic writing and journalism more than in spoken language.
What is the difference between a relative adverb and a relative pronoun?
|who||subject or object pronoun for people||I told you about the woman who lives next door.|
|which||subject or object pronoun for animals and things||Do you see the cat which is lying on the roof?|
|which||referring to a whole sentence||He couldn’t read which surprised me.|
|whose||possession for people animals and things||Do you know the boy whose mother is a nurse?|
|whom||object pronoun for people, especially in non-defining relative clauses (in defining relative clauses we colloquially prefer who)||I was invited by the professor whom I met at the conference.|
|that||subject or object pronoun for people, animals and things in defining relative clauses (who or which are also possible)||I don’t like the table that stands in the kitchen.|
A relative adverb can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus preposition. This often makes the sentence easier to understand.
This is the shop in which I bought my bike.
→ This is the shop where I bought my bike.
|when||in/on which||refers to a time expression||the day when we met him|
|where||in/at which||refers to a place||the place where we met him|
|why||for which||refers to a reason||the reason why we met him|
Can a sentence be completed without using a verb?
As a general rule, sentences without verbs are incomplete sentences, i.e., sentence fragments.
Hope this helps
Friday, 11 September 2009
"The hair of the dog"
definition: A small measure of drink, intended to cure a hangover.
origin: The fuller version of this phrase, i.e. 'the hair of the dog that bit me', gives a clue to the source of the name of this supposed hangover cure. That derivation is from the mediaeval belief that, when someone was bitten by a rabid dog, a cure could be made by applying the same dog's hair to the infected wound.
Wednesday, 9 September 2009
List of English prefixes
|A-/an-||lacking in, lack of||asexual, anemic|
|A-||verb > predicative adjective with progressive aspect||afloat, atremble|
|Anti-||against||anti-war, antivirus, anti-human|
|Arch-||supreme, highest, worst||arch-rival, archangel|
|Be-||equipped with, covered with, beset with (pejorative or facetious)||bedeviled, becalm, bedazzle, bewitch|
|Co-||joint, with, accompanying||co-worker, coordinator, cooperation|
|Counter-||against, in opposition to||counteract, counterpart|
|De-||reverse action, get rid of||de-emphasise|
|Dis-||not, opposite of||disloyal, disagree|
|Dis-||reverse action, get rid of||disconnect, disinformation|
|En-/em-||to make into, to put into, to get into||enmesh, empower|
|Ex-||former||ex-husband, ex-boss, ex-colleague|
|In-/il-/im-/ir-||not, opposite of||inexact, irregular|
|Inter-||between, among||interstate, interact|
|Mis-||wrong, astray||misinformation, misguide|
|Out-||better, faster, longer, beyond||outreach, outcome|
|Over-||too much||overreact, overact|
|Pro-||for, on the side of||pro-life|
|Step-||family relation by remarriage||stepbrother|
|Trans-||across, from one place to another||transatlantic|
|Ultra-||beyond, extremely||ultraviolet, ultramagnetic|
|Un-||not, opposite of||unnecessary, unequal|
|Un-||reverse action, deprive of, release from||undo, untie|
|Under-||below, beneath, lower in grade/dignity, lesser, insufficient||underachieve, underground, underpass|
|Afro-||relating to Africa||Afro-American|
|Amphi-||two, both, on both sides||amphiaster, amphitheater, amphibian|
|An-, a-||not, without||anemic, asymmetric|
|Ana-/an-||up, against||anacardiaceous, anode|
|Anglo-||relating to England||Anglo-Norman|
|Apo-||away, different from||apomorphine|
|Cis-||on this side of||cislunar|
|Con-/com-/col-/cor-/co-||together or with||confederation, commingle, colleague, correlation, cohabit|
|Dis-, di-, dif-||apart||differ, dissect|
|Down-||to make something lesser, lower or worse||downgrade|
|Epi-||upon, at, close upon, in addition||epidermis|
|Ex-, e-, ef-||out of||export|
|Geo-||relating to the earth or its surface||geography|
|Hydro-||relating to water, or using water||hydroelectricity|
|Hypo-||under or below something, low||hypothermia|
|Idio-||individual, personal, unique||idiolect|
|Indo-||relating to the Indian subcontinent||Indo-European|
|Maxi-||very long, very large||maxi-skirt|
|Mega-, megalo-||great, large||megastar, megalopolis|
|Meta-||after, along with, beyond, among, behind||meta-theory|
|Per-||through, completely, wrongly, exceedingly||permeate, permute|
|Photo-||light, photography, photograph||photoelectric|
|Preter-||beyond, past, more than||preternatural|
|Proto-||first, original||protoplasm, prototype|
|Quasi-||partly, almost, appearing to be but not really||quasi-religious|
|Socio-||society, social, sociological||sociopath|
|Sub-, su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-, sus-||below, under||submerge, success, support, surreptitious, suspect, sustain|
|Sur-||above, over||surname, surreal, surrender|
|Syn-, sy-, syl-, sym-, sys-||together, with||synthesis, symbol, syllable, system|
|Tele-||at a distance||television|
|Up-||to make something greater, higher, or better||upgrade|